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Trip Planner Europe  /  Germany  /  North Rhine-Westphalia  /  Detmold

Detmold

4.4
Landmarks · Specialty Museums · Wildlife Areas
Detmold is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, with a population of about 73,400 (2013). It was the capital of the small Principality of Lippe from 1468 until 1918 and then of the Free State of Lippe until 1947. Today it is the administrative center of the district of Lippe and of the Regierungsbezirk Detmold. The Church of Lippe has its central administration located in Detmold. The Reformed Redeemer Church is the preaching venue of the state superintendent of the Lippe church.HistoryIron AgeAbout 3mi to the southwest of Detmold is the hill with a prehistoric circular rampart and the Hermann monument (Hermannsdenkmal). The monument commemorates the so-called Battle of the Teutoburg Forest, a battle in 9 AD which may or may not have been fought close to the present location of Detmold. In this encounter, Germanic tribes led by Hermann (Arminius) defeated Roman legions under the command of Publius Quinctilius Varus.Middle AgesDetmold was first mentioned as Theotmalli in 783, the year of a battle between the Saxons and Charlemagne's forces nearby. This was an event in the Saxon Wars. In 1005 a Tietmelli or Theotmalli region (Gau) is referred to in documents.
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